Social Emotional Development and Learning

What is the Pyramid Model?

The Pyramid Model uses a tiered approach to promote the social and emotional development of all children. It uses the Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) framework that consists of systems-thinking and implementation science to promote evidence-based practices. It supports children by:

  • Promoting learning by building positive relationships among children, families and early childhood professionals
  • Understanding the need to develop behavior expectations and how to provide social skills support
  • Creating an environment where every child feels good about coming to school
  • Providing children individual support as needed

What are the Pyramid Model Tiers?

Tier 1: Universal Promotion

  • High quality environments
  • Inclusive early care and education environments
  • Supportive home environments
  • Nurturing and responsive relationships
  • Essential to healthy social development
  • Includes relationships with children, families and team members

Tier II: Secondary Prevention

  • Targeted social emotional supports
  • Explicit instruction and support
  • Self-regulation, expressing and understanding emotions, developing social relationships and problem-solving

Tier III: Tertiary Interventions

  • Individualized Intensive Interventions
  • Family-centered, comprehensive interventions
  • Assessment-based
  • Skill-building

Where can I find general information on the Pyramid Model?

Resources by Topic:

Disclaimer: This webpage contains links to other independently run websites outside its domain. Information included on this page is not intended to replace health care guidance offered by a physician or other health professional. 

NH Early Childhood Teacher and Parent

Anger and Impulse Control

Picture of a child making a what are you talking about face

Regulating one’s impulses including anger is essential to a child’s emotional development. It can also further social skills. Check out the resources below, including the famous Tucker the Turtle to help children with anger and impulse control.


Child with book

Biting is a developmentally appropriate behavior for toddlers and preschoolers but can be challenging for teachers and caregivers. Check out the resource bellow to help children who use biting as a social and emotional form of expression.

Zero to Three: Finding the Right Response


Building Relationships

Mother holding child

Children start forming relationships with each other and their caregivers the moment they start in child care. Building positive social and emotional relationships are essential for a child’s development. View the resources below to help children with building relationships.


An important part of a child’s emotional development is their ability to regulate their emotions and stay calm. Caregivers can help children learn self-soothing and calming down techniques by viewing the resources below.

Expectations and Rules

In order to help children, gain valuable social and emotional skills, rules and expectation should be introduced, taught and modeled. See below for resources to help set developmentally appropriate expectations and rules for children.

Friendship Skills

Children playing together

Building long term, positive relationships among children can lead to friendships forming. The resources below relate to how children can form friendships and improve their social development.

Infant Development

Infants have unique social and emotional developmental needs. To view specific information related to this age group, check out the resources below.

Problem Solving

Child playing with blocks

A child’s ability to solve problems directly has a direct impact on their development. Caregivers can help children learn problem solving skills by viewing the resources below.

Teaching Children New Skills

Teaching New Skills

In order for children to further their social and emotional development they must be taught and encouraged to learn new skills. Check out the resources below about how to teach children new skills.


Temperament is defined as a child’s behavioral style which determines how the child reacts to situations, how their emotions are expressed and how the child’s regulates themselves. Each child has a unique temperament, and it’s important for caregivers to be responsive to each child’s unique needs. The resources below include information about the temperament of children.


Child transition from school to going home

An important social and emotional part of development is a child’s ability to transition from one thing to another. Caregivers can find helpful information on how to help children transition in the links below.

Trauma Informed Care

When furthering a child’s social and emotional development, it can be helpful to adopt a trauma informed based approach. That means being responsive to the child’s unique life circumstances. For more information on how trauma informed care relates to social and emotional development, check out the resources below.

Responding to Challenging Behaviors

Challenging behaviors are any repeated pattern of behavior, or perception of behavior, that interferes with or is at risk of interfering with optimal learning or engagement in pro-social interactions with peers and adults. The resources below can help caregivers support children with challenging behaviors.

Working with Families

Caregivers must work hand in hand with families in order to further the child’s social and emotional development. The resource below can help strengthening communication with families and further the development of the child.